Analyze the ethics of marketing Publius using utilitarianism
Q1. Analyze the ethics of marketing Publius using utilitarianism, rights, justice, and caring. In your judgments, is it ethical to market Publius? Explain.
Q2. Are the creators of Publius in any way morally responsible for any criminal acts that criminals are able to carry out and keep secret by relying on Publius? Is AT&T in any way morally responsible for these? Explain your answers.
Q3. In your judgment, should governments allow the implementation of Publius? Why or why not?
Q4. Fully explain the effects that payment like those which Lockheed made to the Japanese have on the structure of a market.
Q5. In your view, were Lockheed’s payments to the various Japanese parties “bribes” or “extortions”? Explain your response fully.
Q6. In your judgment, did Mr. A. Carl Kotchian act rightly from a moral point of view? (Your answer should take into account the effects of the payments on the welfare of the societies affected, on the right and duties of the various parties involved, and on the distribution of benefits and burdens among the groups involved.) In your judgment, was Mr. Kotchian morally responsible for his Actions? Was he, in the end, treated fairly?
Q7. In its October 27, 1980, issue, Business Week argued that every corporation has a corporate culture –that is, values that set a pattern for its employee’s activities, opinions and actions and that are instilled in succeeding generations of employees (pp.148-60) Describe, if you can, the corporate culture of Lockheed and relate that culture to Mr. Kotchian’s actions. Describe some strategies for changing that culture in ways that might make foreign payments less likely.
Q8. In your judgment, is it wrong, from an ethical point of view, for the auto companies to submit plans for an automobile to China? Explain your answer?
Q9. Of the various approaches to environmental ethics outlined in this chapter, which approach sheds most light on the ethical issues raised by this case? Explain your answer.
Q10. Should the U.S. government intervene in any way in the negotiations between U.S. auto companies and the Chinese government? Explain.
Q11. In your judgment, do the managers of the Robert Hall store have any ethical obligations to change their salary policies? If you do not think they should change, then explain why they have an obligation to change and describe the kinds of changes they should make. Would it make any difference to your analysis if, instead of two departments in the same store, it involved two different Robert Hall Stores, one for men and one for women? Would it make a difference if two stores (one for men and one for women) owned by different companies were involved? Explain each of your answers in terms of the relevant ethical principles upon which you are relying.
Q12. Suppose that there were very few males applying for clerks’ jobs in Wilmington while females were flooding the clerking job market. Would this competitive factor justify paying males more than females? Why? Suppose that 95 percent of the women in Wilmington who were applying for clerks’ jobs were single women with children who were on welfare while 95 percent of the men were single with no families to support. Would this need factor justify paying females more than males? Why? Suppose for the sake of argument that men were better at selling than women; would this justify different salaries?
Q13. If you think the managers of the Robert Hall store should pay their male and female clerks equal wages because they do “substantially the same work” then do you also think that ideally each worker’s salary should be pegged to the work he or she individually performs (such as by having each worker sell on commission)? Why? Would a commission system be preferable from a utilitarian point of view considering the substantial book keeping expenses it would involve? From the point of view of justice? What does the phrase substantially the same mean to you?
Q14. What are the legal issues involved in this case, and what are the moral issues? How are the two different kinds of issues different from each other, and how are they related to each other? Identify and distinguish the “systemic, corporate and individual issues” involved in this case.
Q15. In your judgment, was it morally wrong for Shawn Fanning to develop and release his technology to the world given its possible consequences? Was it morally wrong for an individual to use Napster’s website and software to copy for free the copy righted music on another person’s hard drive? If you believe it was wrong, then explain exactly why it was wrong. If you believe it was not morally wrong, then how would you defend your views against the claim that such copying is stealing? Assume that it was not illegal for an individual to copy music using Napster. Would there be anything immoral with doing so? Explain?
Q16. Assume that it is morally wrong for a person to use Napster’s website and software to make a copy of copyrighted music. Who, then, would be morally responsible for this person’s wrong doing? Would only the person himself be morally responsible? Was Napster, the company, morally responsible? Wash shawn Fanning morally responsible? Was any employee of Napster, the company, morally responsible? Was the operator of the server or that portion of the Internet that the person used morally responsible? What if the person did not know that the music was copyrighted or did not think that it was illegal to copy copyrighted music?
Q17. Do the music companies share any of the moral responsibility for what has happened? How do you think technology like Napster is likely to change the music industry? In your judgment, are these changes ethically good or ethically bad?
Q18. Discuss this case from the perspective of utilitarianism, rights, justice and caring. What insight does virtue theory shed on the ethics of the events described in this case?
Q19. “In a free enterprise society all adults should be allowed to make their own decisions about how they choose to earn their living.” Discuss the statement in light of the Lily case.
Q20. In your judgment, is the policy of using homeless alcoholics for test subjects morally appropriate? Explain the reasons for your judgment. What does your judgment imply about the moral legitimacy of a free market in labor?
Q21. How should the managers of Lily handle this issue?