This case study’s primary objective is to debate and discuss on: Does it make sense for a single-business firm from an emerging country like India
CASE STUDY (20 Marks)
This case study’s primary objective is to debate and discuss on: Does it make sense for a single-business firm from an emerging country like India, to transform itself into a conglomerate when the reverse trend is witnessed in other countries – both developed as well as developing? With the inception of Bharti Telecom (Bharti) in 1985, Sunil Bharti Mittal laid the foundations of an organisation that would emerge as India’s ‘telecom conglomerate giant’. The company made a humble beginning with the manufacture of push button handsets. However, 1992 marked the turn of events for Bharti. The liberalization of the Indian telecom sector in that year unleashed numerous opportunities for domestic and international players to tap the lucrative Indian telecom
market Notwithstanding its small size, Bharti plunged into the bidding war for cellular licenses, successfully capturing the license for providing cellular network service in New Delhi (Delhi). Making a mark with its brand, Airtel, in the Delhi market, Bharti was confident of a triumphant journey. Contradictory to its aspirations, this early victory was followed by a string of downturns. The company lost most of the subsequent cellular bids and found itself in troubled waters. Nevertheless, competitors’ inability to exploit their winning cellular bids proved a boon to Bharti. The eagerness of these companies to sell their cellular licenses to Bharti brought the company back into limelight. Banking on the opportunity, the company spread its cellular service to new regions in the country. From being a handset manufacturer, Bharti transformed itself into a full cellular service provider with a whopping 4.5 million customers in March 2003. However, the company is not content with being only a ‘telecom conglomerate’. In 2008, to gratify its growing aspirations, Bharti declared its intentions of becoming India’s ‘finest conglomerate by 2020’. Equipped with a youthful logo and new brand identity, Bharti is determined to unveil another success story. However, many challenges lie ahead.
Answer the following question.
Q1. Analyze the critical success factors in building conglomerates and to understand the role of brand building in a conglomerate.
Q2. Examine the challenges that Bharti would face in operating as a conglomerate when a reverse trend is being witnessed all across the globe.
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